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Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #399] Sun, 10 February 2002 12:45 Go to next message
pranavi
Messages: 3
Registered: February 2002
Junior Member
Hi,
I am looking for questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) that employers & recruiters ask during the screening & interviewing process for a Oracle Developer position. I am preparing for my interview and would like some assistance.

Thank you...
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #402 is a reply to message #399] Sun, 10 February 2002 21:46 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Satish Shrikhande
Messages: 167
Registered: October 2001
Senior Member
Try it out ..

GENERAL INTERVIEW QUESTIONS

1.What are the various types of Exceptions ?
User defined and Predefined Exceptions.
2.Can we define exceptions twice in same block ?
No.
3.What is the difference between a procedure and a function ?
Functions return a single variable by value whereas procedures do not return any variable by value. Rather they return multiple variables by passing variables by reference through their OUT parameter.
4.Can you have two functions with the same name in a PL/SQL block ?
Yes.
5.Can you have two stored functions with the same name ?
Yes.
6.Can you call a stored function in the constraint of a table ?
No.
7.What are the various types of parameter modes in a procedure ?
IN, OUT AND INOUT.
8.What is Over Loading and what are its restrictions ?
OverLoading means an object performing different functions depending upon the no. of parameters or the data type of the parameters passed to it.
9.Can functions be overloaded ?
Yes.
10.Can 2 functions have same name & input parameters but differ only by return datatype
No.
11.What are the constructs of a procedure, function or a package ?
The constructs of a procedure, function or a package are :
variables and constants
cursors
exceptions
12.Why Create or Replace and not Drop and recreate procedures ?
So that Grants are not dropped.
13.Can you pass parameters in packages ? How ?
Yes. You can pass parameters to procedures or functions in a package.
14.What are the parts of a database trigger ?
The parts of a trigger are:
A triggering event or statement
A trigger restriction
A trigger action
15.What are the various types of database triggers ?
There are 12 types of triggers, they are combination of :
Insert, Delete and Update Triggers.
Before and After Triggers.
Row and Statement Triggers.
(3*2*2=12)
16.What is the advantage of a stored procedure over a database trigger ?
We have control over the firing of a stored procedure but we have no control over the firing of a trigger.
17.What is the maximum no. of statements that can be specified in a trigger statement ?
One.
18.Can views be specified in a trigger statement ?
No
19.What are the values of :new and :old in Insert/Delete/Update Triggers ?
INSERT : new = new value, old = NULL
DELETE : new = NULL, old = old value
UPDATE : new = new value, old = old value
20.What are cascading triggers? What is the maximum no of cascading triggers at a time?
When a statement in a trigger body causes another trigger to be fired, the triggers are said to be cascading. Max = 32.
21.What are mutating triggers ?
A trigger giving a SELECT on the table on which the trigger is written.
22.What are constraining triggers ?
A trigger giving an Insert/Updat e on a table having referential integrity constraint on the triggering table.
23.Describe Oracle database's physical and logical structure ?
Physical : Data files, Redo Log files, Control file.
Logical : Tables, Views, Tablespaces, etc.
24.Can you increase the size of a tablespace ? How ?
Yes, by adding datafiles to it.
25.Can you increase the size of datafiles ? How ?
No (for Oracle 7.0)
Yes (for Oracle 7.3 by using the Resize clause ----- Confirm !!).
26.What is the use of Control files ?
Contains pointers to locations of various data files, redo log files, etc.
27.What is the use of Data Dictionary ?
Used by Oracle to store information about various physical and logical Oracle structures e.g. Tables, Tablespaces, datafiles, etc
28.What are the advantages of clusters ?
Access time reduced for joins.

29.What are the disadvantages of clusters ?
The time for Insert increases.
30.Can Long/Long RAW be clustered ?
No.
31.Can null keys be entered in cluster index, normal index ?
Yes.
32.Can Check constraint be used for self referential integrity ? How ?
Yes. In the CHECK condition for a column of a table, we can reference some other column of the same table and thus enforce self referential integrity.
33.What are the min. extents allocated to a rollback extent ?
Two
34.What are the states of a rollback segment ? What is the difference between partly available and needs recovery ?
The various states of a rollback segment are :
ONLINE, OFFLINE, PARTLY AVAILABLE, NEEDS RECOVERY and INVALID.
35.What is the difference between unique key and primary key ?
Unique key can be null; Primary key cannot be null.
36.An insert statement followed by a create table statement followed by rollback ? Will the rows be inserted ?
No.
37.Can you define multiple savepoints ?
Yes.
38.Can you Rollback to any savepoint ?
Yes.
40.What is the maximum no. of columns a table can have ?
254.
41.What is the significance of the & and && operators in PL SQL ?
The & operator means that the PL SQL block requires user input for a variable. The && operator means that the value of this variable should be the same as inputted by the user previously for this same variable.
If a transaction is very large, and the rollback segment is not able to hold the rollback information, then will the transaction span across different rollback segments or will it terminate ?
It will terminate (Please check ).
42.Can you pass a parameter to a cursor ?
Explicit cursors can take parameters, as the example below shows. A cursor parameter can appear in a query wherever a constant can appear.
CURSOR c1 (median IN NUMBER) IS
SELECT job, ename FROM emp WHERE sal > median;
43.What are the various types of RollBack Segments ?
Public Available to all instances
Private Available to specific instance
44.Can you use %RowCount as a parameter to a cursor ?
Yes
45.Is the query below allowed :
Select sal, ename Into x From emp Where ename = 'KING'
(Where x is a record of Number(4) and Char(15))
Yes
46.Is the assignment given below allowed :
ABC = PQR (Where ABC and PQR are records)
Yes
47.Is this for loop allowed :
For x in &Start..&End Loop
Yes
48.How many rows will the following SQL return :
Select * from emp Where rownum < 10;
9 rows
49.How many rows will the following SQL return :
Select * from emp Where rownum = 10;
No rows
50.Which symbol preceeds the path to the table in the remote database ?
@
51.Are views automatically updated when base tables are updated ?
Yes
52.Can a trigger written for a view ?
No
53.If all the values from a cursor have been fetched and another fetch is issued, the output will be : error, last record or first record ?
Last Record
54.A table has the following data : [[5, Null, 10]]. What will the average function return ?
7.5
55.Is Sysdate a system variable or a system function?
System Function
56.Consider a sequence whose currval is 1 and gets incremented by 1 by using the nextval reference we get the next number 2. Suppose at this point we issue an rollback and again issue a nextval. What will the output be ?
3
56.Definition of relational DataBase by Dr. Codd (IBM)?
A Relational Database is a database where all data visible to the user is organized strictly as tables of data values and where all database operations work on these tables.
57.What is Multi Threaded Server (MTA) ?
In a Single Threaded Architecture (or a dedicated server configuration) the database manager creates a separate process for each database user. But in MTA the database manager can assign multiple users (multiple user processes) to a single dispatcher (server process), a controlling process that queues request for work thus reducing the databases memory requirement and resources.
58.Which are initial RDBMS, Hierarchical & N/w database ?
RDBMS - R system
Hierarchical - IMS
N/W - DBTG
59.Difference between Oracle 6 and Oracle 7
ORACLE 7 ORACLE 6
Cost based optimizer · Rule based optimizer
Shared SQL Area · SQL area allocated for each user
Multi Threaded Server · Single Threaded Server
Hash Clusters · Only B-Tree indexing
Roll back Size Adjustment · No provision
Truncate command · No provision
Database Integrity
Constraints · Provision at Application Level
Stored procedures, functions
packages & triggers · No provision
Resource profile limit. It
prevents user from running
away with system resources · No provision
Distributed Database · Distributed Query
Table replication & snapshots· No provision
Client/Server Tech. · No provision
60.What is Functional Dependency
Given a relation R, attribute Y of R is functionally dependent on attribute X of R if and only if each X-value has associated with it precisely one -Y value in R
61.What is Auditing ?
The database has the ability to audit all actions that take place within it.
a) Login attempts, b) Object Accesss, c) Database Action
Result of Greatest(1,NULL) or Least(1,NULL)
NULL
62.While designing in client/server what are the 2 imp. things to be considered ?
Network Overhead (traffic), Speed and Load of client server
63.What are the disadvantages of SQL ?
Disadvantages of SQL are :
· Cannot drop a field
· Cannot rename a field
· Cannot manage memory
· Procedural Language option not provided
· Index on view or index on index not provided
· View updation problem

64.When to create indexes ?
To be created when table is queried for less than 2% or 4% to 25% of the table rows.
65.How can you avoid indexes ?
TO make index access path unavailable
· Use FULL hint to optimizer for full table scan
· Use INDEX or AND-EQUAL hint to optimizer to use one index or set to
indexes instead of another.
· Use an expression in the Where Clause of the SQL.
66.What is the result of the following SQL :
Select 1 from dual
UNION
Select 'A' from dual;
Error
67.Can database trigger written on synonym of a table and if it can be then what would be the effect if original table is accessed.
Yes, database trigger would fire.
68.Can you alter synonym of view or view ?
No
69.Can you create index on view
No.
70.What is the difference between a view and a synonym ?
Synonym is just a second name of table used for multiple link of database. View can be created with many tables, and with virtual columns and with conditions. But synonym can be on view.
71.What is the difference between alias and synonym ?
Alias is temporary and used with one query. Synonym is permanent and not used as alias.
72.What is the effect of synonym and table name used in same Select statement ?
Valid
73.What's the length of SQL integer ?
32 bit length
74.What is the difference between foreign key and reference key ?
Foreign key is the key i.e. attribute which refers to another table primary key.
Reference key is the primary key of table referred by another table.
75.Can dual table be deleted, dropped or altered or updated or inserted ?
Yes
76.If content of dual is updated to some value computation takes place or not ?
Yes
77.If any other table same as dual is created would it act similar to dual?
Yes
78.For which relational operators in where clause, index is not used ?
<> , like '% ...' is NOT functions, field +constant, field || ''
79.Assume that there are multiple databases running on one machine. How can you switch from one to another ?
Changing the ORACLE_SID
80.What are the advantages of Oracle ?
Portability : Oracle is ported to more platforms than any of its competitors, running on more than 100 hardware platforms and 20 networking protocols.
Market Presence : Oracle is by far the largest RDBMS vendor and spends more on R & D than most of its competitors earn in total revenue. This market clout means that you are unlikely to be left in the lurch by Oracle and there are always lots of third party interfaces available.
Backup and Recovery : Oracle provides industrial strength support for on-line backup and recovery and good software fault tolerence to disk failure. You can also do point-in-time recovery.
Performance : Speed of a 'tuned' Oracle Database and application is quite good, even with large databases. Oracle can manage > 100GB databases.
Multiple database support : Oracle has a superior ability to manage multiple databases within the same transaction using a two-phase commit protocol.
81.What is a forward declaration ? What is its use ?
PL/SQL requires that you declare an identifier before using it. Therefore, you must declare a subprogram before calling it. This declaration at the start of a subprogram is called forward declaration. A forward declaration consists of a subprogram specification terminated by a semicolon.
82.What are actual and formal parameters ?
Actual Parameters : Subprograms pass information using parameters. The variables or expressions referenced in the parameter list of a subprogram call are actual parameters. For example, the following procedure call lists two actual parameters named emp_num and amount:
Eg. raise_salary(emp_num, amount);

Formal Parameters : The variables declared in a subprogram specification and referenced in the subprogram body are formal parameters. For example, the following procedure declares two formal parameters named emp_id and increase:
Eg. PROCEDURE raise_salary (emp_id INTEGER, increase REAL) IS current_salary REAL;
83.What are the types of Notation ?
Position, Named, Mixed and Restrictions.
84.What all important parameters of the init.ora are supposed to be increased if you want to increase the SGA size ?
In our case, db_block_buffers was changed from 60 to 1000 (std values are 60, 550 & 3500) shared_pool_size was changed from 3.5MB to 9MB (std values are 3.5, 5 & 9MB) open_cursors was changed from 200 to 300 (std values are 200 & 300) db_block_size was changed from 2048 (2K) to 4096 (4K) {at the time of database creation}.
The initial SGA was around 4MB when the server RAM was 32MB and The new SGA was around 13MB when the server RAM was increased to 128MB.
85.If I have an execute privilege on a procedure in another users schema, can I execute his procedure even though I do not have privileges on the tables within the procedure ?
Yes
86.What are various types of joins ?
Equijoins, Non-equijoins, self join, outer join
87.What is a package cursor ?
A package cursor is a cursor which you declare in the package specification without an SQL statement. The SQL statement for the cursor is attached dynamically at runtime from calling procedures.
88.If you insert a row in a table, then create another table and then say Rollback. In this case will the row be inserted ?
Yes. Because Create table is a DDL which commits automatically as soon as it is executed. The DDL commits the transaction even if the create statement fails internally (eg table already exists error) and not syntactically.
89.What are the various types of queries ?
Normal Queries
Sub Queries
Co-related queries
Nested queries
Compound queries
90.What is a transaction ?
A transaction is a set of SQL statements between any two COMMIT and ROLLBACK statements.

91.What is implicit cursor and how is it used by Oracle ?
An implicit cursor is a cursor which is internally created by Oracle. It is created by Oracle for each individual SQL.
92.Which of the following is not a schema object : Indexes, tables, public synonyms, triggers and packages ?
Public synonyms
93.What is the difference between a view and a snapshot ?
94.What is PL/SQL?
PL/SQL is Oracle's Procedural Language extension to SQL. The language includes object oriented programming techniques such as encapsulation, function overloading, information hiding (all but inheritance), and so, brings state-of-the-art programming to the Oracle database server and a variety of Oracle tools.
95.Is there a PL/SQL Engine in SQL*Plus?
No. Unlike Oracle Forms, SQL*Plus does not have a PL/SQL engine. Thus, all your PL/SQL are send directly to the database engine for execution. This makes it much more efficient as SQL statements are not stripped off and send to the database individually.
96.Is there a limit on the size of a PL/SQL block?
Currently, the maximum parsed/compiled size of a PL/SQL block is 64K and the maximum code size is 100K. You can run the following select statement to query the size of an existing package or procedure.
SQL> select * from dba_object_size where name = 'procedure_name'
97.Can one read/write files from PL/SQL?
Included in Oracle 7.3 is a UTL_FILE package that can read and write files. The directory you intend writing to has to be in your INIT.ORA file (see UTL_FILE_DIR=... parameter). Before Oracle 7.3 the only means of writing a file was to use DBMS_OUTPUT with the SQL*Plus SPOOL command.
DECLARE
fileHandler UTL_FILE.FILE_TYPE;
BEGIN
fileHandler := UTL_FILE.FOPEN('/home/oracle/tmp', 'myoutput','W');
UTL_FILE.PUTF(fileHandler, 'Value of func1 is %sn', func1(1));
UTL_FILE.FCLOSE(fileHandler);
END;

98.How can I protect my PL/SQL source code?
PL/SQL V2.2, available with Oracle7.2, implements a binary wrapper for PL/SQL programs to protect the source code. This is done via a standalone utility that transforms the PL/SQL source code into portable binary object code (somewhat larger than the original). This way you can distribute software without having to worry about exposing your proprietary algorithms and methods. SQL*Plus and SQL*DBA will still understand and know how to execute such scripts. Just be careful, there is no "decode" command available.
The syntax is:
wrap iname=myscript.sql oname=xxxx.yyy
99.Can one use dynamic SQL within PL/SQL? OR Can you use a DDL in a procedure ? How ?
From PL/SQL V2.1 one can use the DBMS_SQL package to execute dynamic SQL statements.
Eg: CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE DYNSQL
AS
cur integer;
rc integer;
BEGIN
cur := DBMS_SQL.OPEN_CURSOR;
DBMS_SQL.PARSE(cur,'CREATE TABLE X (Y DATE)', DBMS_SQL.NATIVE);
rc := DBMS_SQL.EXECUTE(cur);
DBMS_SQL.CLOSE_CURSOR(cur);
END;
1. What is Referential Integrity rule?
Differentiate between
2. Delete & Truncate command.
3. Implicit Cursor & Explicit Cursor.
4. Ref. key & Foreign key.
5. Where & Having Clause.
6. What are various kinds of Integrity Constraints in Oracle?
7. What are various kind of joins?
8. What is Raise_Application_Error?
9. What are various kinds of exceptions in Oracle?
10. Normal Forms

Oracle Notes :

Oracle 8i -
It is a DB of internet computing , It changes the of information managed and accessed to meet the demandof internet age.
-- Significant new feature for OLTP(Online trans Processing) and data ware housing Appl.
-- To mange all types of datain web site.
-- iFS Internet file Syatem
-- interMedia to manage and access multimedia data,audio,video
-- Support to java(to install JVM on server)
-- Security enhancement(authentication and authorization,centralizing user management)

Oracle 8(ORDBMS) -
-Parrallel enhancement ,faster connection
-Table partitioning , Connection inc to 30000 ,Table column upto 1000
-DB size inc from few tera byte to 10 tera. , Data file inc 65,533
-Support MTS,provides LOB

Oracle Start -
1. Oracle instance start -Allocates SGA and start BAckground processes.
2. Mount Oracle DB-Method of Associating DB with previous started instance
3.Opening DB-To make available.

Normalization -
It's a technique thr. which we can design the DB.
During normalization dependancies can be identified which can cause pbs during deletion & updation .It is used in simplifing the structure of table.
1NF-Unnorma;ised data transfer to normalised form.
2NF-Functional dependancies can be find out & decompose the table without loss of data.
3NF-Transist dependancies ,Every non key attrbute is functionally dependant on just PK.
4NF(BCNF)-The relation which has multiple candidate keys ,then we have to go for BCNF.
Denormalization-
At the same time when information is required from more than one table at faster rate then it is wiser to add some sort of dependancies.

Rooling Forward -To reapply to Data file to all changes that are recorded in Redo log file due to which datafile contains commited & uncommited dat.
Forward Declaration-To declare variable and procedures before using it.
2- Tier Arch. Disadv-When Business Rule changes.
PL/SQL Record-To represent more than one row at time.
PL/SQL Table -To define single variable comprises several data element.
To delete define one more empty table and assign it.
Tablespace -
Profile-To control system resources ,memory ,diskspace and CPU time.
We can find rows effected by %rowcount.
Data Binding-Dividing the cursor in appl as per select stamt.
Trancate -Faster than delete ,doesn't fire ny DB trigger ,Allocate space ,No roolback.
Defered Integrity constraints-When we refere PK in the same table where we defined .
Cascading trigger-
Temporary Table-Delete operation table.
Log Table-to store information abt error.
Coordinity-
Err Trap -To trap error use SQLERRM,SQLCODE
Modularity-PL/SQL allows to create program module to improve software reliability and to hide complexity
Positional and Named Notation -
The actual arguments are associaed with formal arguments by position k/s Positional Notation.It's commonly used.
A Trigger doesn't accept argument & have same name as table or procedure as it exist in seperate namespace.
How we ref FK in Sql -Join Condition.
Security/Lock-
Shared/exclusive -When 2 transaction wants to read/write from db at the same time.
Dead- 1trans updates emp and dep
2 trans update dep and emp
TO add a not null column to a table which has already some records -
Alter table a
Add(b number default 1 not null)
Sequence- Start with,increment by,Cache/No cache,Order/No order,Max,Min
ER Dia.- Entity Relation Dia.
Set Transaction -To set a current transaction online offline
Oracle err-
ORA-06500 stiorage err
ORA-00923 from keyword not found
ORA-06501program err
ORA-00904 Invalid Col
ORA-00001Uk violated.
Dynamic Sql -Which uses late binding
File I/O-To read and write dat to and from text file thr. Oracle procedure.
Joins-Equi,Non EQui,Self,inner joins,outer joins
Index-16 col per table.
Parsing-Syntax checking.
Optimization-Use of index (HINT)
Corelated Subquery -Which fires only once/ per row for entire stmt.
Simple Query--Which fires everytime for entire stmt
Packages- Encapsulation,Overloading,improve performance as I/O reduces.
PL/SQL Signature Method- To determine when remote dependant object get invalid.
Object Previledge - On a particular object- I/U/D/Exec
System Previledge -Entire collection object -C/A/D
SGA Comprises -Data Buffer, Redo Log Buffer,Shared pool Buffer.
Shared Pool - Req to process unique SQL stmt submitted to DB.
It contains information such as parse tree and execusion plan .
PGA -A memry buffer that contains data and control information for a server process.
Dedicated server - Handles request. for single user.
Multithresd Server-Handles request. for multiple user.
Background process -DBWR,LGWR,PMON,SMON,CKPT
DBWR-Writes modified data blocks from DB buffer to data file.
LGWR-
CKPT-Responsible to check DBWR and update control file to indicate most recent CKPT.
SMON-Instance recovery at start up,Clean Temporary. Segment.
PMON-Responsible for process recovery and user process fails,Cleaning up cache ,freeing resources which was using process.
Segment-Data/Index/Rollback/Temp
Data Dictionary -V$SESSION, information abt integrity constraints,space allocated for schema object.
USER_TAB_COLUMNS gives you a list of tables as per Column.
EOD Procedure-

Mutating/Constraining Err/Table
Diff of where and group by
Connect,Allocate.Analyse Command.
Queries--
1. 3rd Max
select distinct sal
from emp a
where 3=(select count(distinct sal)
from emp b
where a.sal=<b.sal)
2. Delete Duplicate rows
Delete Emp
where rowid not in(select max(rowid)
from emp
group by emp_no)
3. First 5 Max No
select sal
from (select abs(-sal) sal
from emp
group by -sal)
where rownum<6
Views--
-No Aggr function,group by,having
-U/D without PK but not Insert.
-Join -No DML
-No join-DML
Index -are used for row selection in where and order by only if indexing on column

You can launch the DBA Studio or the individual tools directly from the Windows NT Start menu. Or, you can use the following syntax to launch them from a command line prompt:

oemapp tool_name

where tool_name may be dbastudio, instance, security, storage, schema, or worksheet, if installed.

DBMS_ALERT is a Transaction Processing Package while DBMS_PIPE is an Application Development package

Developed By Satish Shrikhande

DBA—

If to_date(sysdate,'DAY')='Tuesday' then ..
Buffer Cache-To improve data block recently used by user in order to improve the performance.
Ordinality-Emp, Expences-Emp may expense sheet and Expense sheet has only one Emp. This fact k/s Referred Ordinality.
Three Steps in creating DB.--
-Creating physical location for data in tables and indexes to be stored in DB.
-To create the file that still store log entries.
-To create logical structure of data dictionary.
This is accomplished by create DB
1. Back up existing DB.
2.Create or Edit the init.ora file
3.Varify the instance name
4. Start Application management DB tool.
5.start instance
6.Create and Backup the new DB.
Control file -250K
Oracle Administration Assistant for W-NT is a DB management tool that enables to create DB administartor, operator, Users and role. To manage Oracle DB services, DB start up, shut down, Edit registry parameter setting, views oracle process information.
Database Configuration Assistant -To create DB
Oracle environment-
OLTP-Many users can read and update, hight response time.
DSS-Read only.
Hybrid-both OLTP & DSS App. are running with this App.
Init.ora-is a parameter file like DB_NAME, CONTROL_FILE, DB_BLOCK _SIZE
RowID-BlockIDRowIdDatafileId
Cluster Segment-To support use of cluster on the DB.
Hash Cluster-By placing data in close proximity k/s Hashing.
Optimization-
Decides line of execution of query.
First apply condition and then make Cartesian product. The cost can reduce by reducing no of rows.
Oracle ways for optimization-
-Evaluation of expression and condition amt>500/100--amt>5
Like convert to equal
IN - OR condition
Any -OR
Between/ALL -AND
NOT-Avoid
Transitivity-where a.id=b.id and a.id=1 use a.id=1 and b.id =1
Merging views
Index column be in order by clause.

Bitmap Index- If the column has very few distinct entries
We have to specify in init.ora Rate, Cost Choose mode based Approach
-Avoid full table scan.
-Access by Rowid
-No function on Index column as it prevents the optimization.
-Avoid IN, NOT and LIKE operator.
-Column in where clause should be indexed.
DATABASE-
Profile -To control system resources like memory, diskspace, and CPU time.
Role -Collection of privileges.
Type of segment- Rollback, Temp, Data, Index
Snapshot-It's a read only table, to improve efficiency of query, which referred remote db, therefore reduce remote traffic.
DB trigger-is a PL/SQL block that are associated with given table.
Diff bet Trigger and Procedure-
-Trigger need not required to be call (Implicitly fire on event)
-No TCL used
-Proc/fun can be used in trigger
-No use of Long raw,LOB,LONG
-Procedure is prefered over trigger as proc stored in compile form as trigg p_code stores.
TO check time nbetwen 8 am and 6 pm.
Create or replace trigger ptpt
before insert on batch
for each row
declare
A varchar2 (20);
begin
Select substr (to_char (sysdate,'HH: MI: SSSS’) 1,2) into a from dual;

If (a between '08' and ‘18’) then
Raise_application_error (-20001,'Invalid Time');
End if;
End;
Snapshot too old-We have to refresh the snapshot
Alter snapshot as
Select * from batch@dmaster.link
Refresh after seven days.
We can reduce network traffic-
-By using snapshot
-By storing related table in same tablespace
-By avoiding Row chain.
Oracle DB uses three types of file structure.
Data files-store actual data for tablespace, which is a logical unit of storage. Every tablespace has one or more data file to store actual data for tables, indexes, and clusters. Data is read and write to data file as needed.
Redo log file-Two or more redo log file make up a logical redo log, which is used to recover modifications that have not been written to data files in event of power outage.
Control file-Used at start up to identify the DB and determine which redo log file and data file are created.
1 data file, 1 control file, 2 redo log file.
SET TRANSACTION-We use set transaction statement to login a read only or read-write or to assign the current transaction to specified rollback segment.
Where date=sysdate-daily sale
>sysdate-7 weekly sale
>sysdate-30 monthly sale.
A function must contain atleast one return value else PL/SQL raises predefined exception program_error.
Actual parameter- when call
Formal parameter
Parametric Cursor - The cursor in which we can pass value when it is being opened
Sql Stmt Execu-
-Reserves an area in memory called Private Sql Area.
-Populate this area with app. data.
-Process data in memory area.
-Free the, memory area when exec is complete.
Active set- A set of rows return by a mult-row query.
Export-Putting data of tables in file, which can be, handles by OS.
Auditing-
is used for noting down user's activity and statistics abt the operations in data objects. The auditing are
1-Stmt
2-Preveledge
3-Object
1-It is done to audit stmt activity .The auditing information abt. date & time of information, nature of operation is stored in table AUD$ which is used by user sys.
Audit select on itemmaster;
Then app. auditing is done and stored in table .
-To record the usage of privilege
-To record the activity on object.
Nature of Auditing-
Auditing is done on
-Per session basis-one record is generated.
Per statement basis per session/stmt
Audit any allows user to audit any schema object in the DB.
Table partitioning-
Table partitioning divides table data between two or more tablespaces and physical data file on separate disk.
We can use it to improve transaction throughout and certain type of queries for large tables.
Restriction-
-A table that is a part of cluster can't be partioned.
-A table can be partitioned based on ranges column values only.
-Attribute of partitioned table can't include long, long raw or any lob data type.
-Bitmap indexes can't be defined on partioned tables.
We add partition using ALTER TABLE OR
Create table aa (
a date,
B number
C varchar2 (10))
partion by range(a,b)
(partition pa1 values less than ('01-jan-99', 2) tablespace tsp1,
-----------------------------------);
Accessing partition table-
Select * from aa partion(pa1);
Drop partion
-Alter table AA
drop partion pa1;

SQL Language Extension-
Oracle * provide new built-in datatype, object datatypes, nested tables, and a no of other features that require new DDL extension.
VARRAY
REF
LOBS
Create table AA(a N (10)
B date,
C varchar2 (10));

Create type aa1 as varray (5) of number (5);

The UTLBSTAT and UTLESTAT script to get general overview of database 's performance over a certain period of time.
UTLBSTAT creates table and views containing cumulative database performance summary information at the time when the script runs .All the objects create by UTLBSTAT contain word login.
Utlbstat.sql

UTLESTAT creates table and views containing cumulative database performance summary information at the time when the script runs .All the objects create by UTLESTAT contain word end.
UTLESTAT spools the results of these SQL statements to a file called REPORT.TXT
Utlestat.sql

Determine the shared Pool Performance.

The shared pool is one of the memory structures in SGA .It is comprised of the data dictionary and the library cache. Check v$sgastat
The data dictionary cache buffers data dictionary objects that contain data about tables, indexes, users and all other objects.
The Library Cache/SQL Cache buffers previously executed queries, so that they need not be reloaded and reparsed if user calls them again.

Otherwise if the information is not in the buffer then oracle must get it from disk.

The V$LIBRAY CACHE View stores performance data for library cache and V$ROWCACHE view stores performance data for the data dictionary cache.

Sometime we may have to increase the value of initialization parameter SHARED_POOL_SIZE.
To improve the performance .

Redo Log --

Oracle 8 stores all changes to the database, even uncommitted changes, in the redo log files.
LGWR writes .

Alter database archievelog

Edit the parameter initialization file.
Log_archieve_start =true -turn it on
Log_archieve_dest=c:/oracle/ora81/archieve -location
log_archieve_format="ARCH%S.LOG" - name format for archieve file .
%S for log sequence number .

By querying the V$SESSION view , we can determine who is logged on ,as well as information such as the time of logon .

Kill a session - ALTER system kill session '&sid,&serial'
Select Sid,serial#,status from V$session where username='name';

Unbalanced Index –
if we do have lot on index on a table and we are doing I/U/D frequently then there is a problem of disk contention . To check this problem sees the BLEVEL value in DBA_INDEXES and if it is 1,2,3,4 then it’s ok else rebuild the index .

Alter index satish.a_satish rebuild unrecoverable ;

Comments on table and columns

--For documentation purpose .
Comment table a is ‘table a’ ; Retrieve comment from user_tab_comment
Comment column a. a is ‘column a’; user_col_comments

Detect the objects close to maximum extent
Check in dba_seqment
Detect row chaining and row migration in tables
Row migration occurs when a database block doesn’t contain enough free space to accommodate an update statement .In that case server moves the row to another block and maintains a pointer to to new block in the row’s original block .when pctfree is 0
Row chaining in contrast , occurs when no single db block is larger enough to accommodate a particular row . this is common when table contain several large data types. It will reside in multiple database blocks .
An unpleasant side effect of both chaining and migration is that the oracle * server must read more than one db block to read a single row . solution – move rows to a temp table and then delete rows from original table and then insert it from temp table .

Execute utlchain.sql

Get information from CHAINED_ROWS or V$SYSSTAT
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #1069 is a reply to message #399] Tue, 26 March 2002 23:57 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Deepa
Messages: 269
Registered: November 2000
Senior Member
Sir, SQL PL/SQL needed
regards
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #1242 is a reply to message #402] Sun, 14 April 2002 21:52 Go to previous messageGo to next message
priya
Messages: 108
Registered: February 2000
Senior Member
Its really useful to attend teh interview in oracle.. Let me know somemore questions ,.
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #1317 is a reply to message #399] Fri, 19 April 2002 23:04 Go to previous messageGo to next message
S.G.Senthil Kumar
Messages: 1
Registered: April 2002
Junior Member
Hi,
I am looking for questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) that employers & recruiters ask during the screening & interviewing process for a Oracle Developer position. I am preparing for my interview and would like some assistance.
Thank you...
Thanks a lot Satish [message #1535 is a reply to message #402] Thu, 09 May 2002 09:18 Go to previous messageGo to next message
venkanna
Messages: 1
Registered: May 2002
Junior Member
Thanks for the questions(and answers)
Re: Thanks a lot Satish [message #1605 is a reply to message #402] Wed, 15 May 2002 18:23 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Prasad Paladugu
Messages: 1
Registered: May 2002
Junior Member
Thanks for great interview questions on Oracle, PL/SQL
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #1610 is a reply to message #399] Wed, 15 May 2002 22:06 Go to previous messageGo to next message
gopal patle
Messages: 1
Registered: May 2002
Junior Member
Dear
Pleas help about the varibal assign of image type field in oracle.
Thank you !
Regards
GOPAL PATLE
FROM BALAGHAT
Freeing Sql buffer [message #1635 is a reply to message #402] Thu, 16 May 2002 22:34 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Kunal Sain
Messages: 1
Registered: May 2002
Junior Member
how can i free up SGA Sql Buffer area, while Database is running ?
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #1665 is a reply to message #402] Mon, 20 May 2002 19:07 Go to previous messageGo to next message
dennis
Messages: 31
Registered: June 1998
Member
Q1.write detail note to define the following terminologies.
a.database
b.tables
c.attributes
d.tuples
e.relational database
f.primary keys
g.composite primary keys
h.foreign keys
thank 4 answering my question
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #1687 is a reply to message #1317] Wed, 22 May 2002 12:35 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Suresh
Messages: 189
Registered: December 1998
Senior Member
Hi,
I am looking for questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) that employers & recruiters ask during the screening & interviewing process for a Oracle Developer position. I am preparing for my interview and would like some assistance.
Thank you...
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #1876 is a reply to message #402] Thu, 06 June 2002 22:38 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Raje
Messages: 1
Registered: June 2002
Junior Member
This is oracle interview list
Re: Freeing Sql buffer [message #2027 is a reply to message #402] Mon, 17 June 2002 21:43 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Anuj Lal
Messages: 2
Registered: June 2002
Junior Member
Hi,
use this command
alter system flush shared pool;
Re: Freeing Sql buffer [message #2029 is a reply to message #402] Mon, 17 June 2002 22:00 Go to previous messageGo to next message
ajay
Messages: 45
Registered: December 2000
Member
it is
alter system flush shared_pool
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #2659 is a reply to message #399] Mon, 05 August 2002 01:56 Go to previous messageGo to next message
jayaram
Messages: 9
Registered: May 2001
Junior Member
dera sir,
if u could provide me with ocp test papers will be greatful to U.
regards,
jayaram
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #2947 is a reply to message #399] Fri, 23 August 2002 23:45 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Raja
Messages: 57
Registered: March 2000
Member
Hi,
I am looking for questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) that employers & recruiters ask during the screening & interviewing process for a Oracle Developer position. I am preparing for my interview and would like some assistance.
Thank you...
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #4193 is a reply to message #399] Sat, 16 November 2002 06:31 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Hari
Messages: 59
Registered: August 2000
Member
How will you delete repetitive records in a table
in oracle?
2) How will you findout Nth maximum in Oracle table
3) What is cluster
4) How many(Codd) rules are satisfied by oracle latest version
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #4225 is a reply to message #399] Wed, 20 November 2002 04:03 Go to previous messageGo to next message
shivakumar bk
Messages: 1
Registered: November 2002
Junior Member
Imp. ORACLE INTERVIEW quetions.
Re: Thanks a lot Satish [message #4282 is a reply to message #399] Mon, 25 November 2002 03:48 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Kavita Angadi
Messages: 1
Registered: November 2002
Junior Member
Dear Satish,

I am very very thankful to you to have valued question and answers.
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #4485 is a reply to message #399] Sat, 14 December 2002 02:50 Go to previous messageGo to next message
oko
Messages: 1
Registered: December 2002
Junior Member
Can you give me one example of using function
Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #4589 is a reply to message #399] Sat, 28 December 2002 01:28 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Imran
Messages: 56
Registered: November 2001
Member
friends,
i am preparing for an important interview.i want most asked questions in Interview. plzz help me
love,
imran
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #4748 is a reply to message #399] Sat, 11 January 2003 05:57 Go to previous messageGo to next message
David Banda
Messages: 1
Registered: January 2003
Junior Member
1. Describe the purpose of the db architecture in the Oracle db as part of the logical structure.

2. Describe the events that occur during MOUNT in the Oracle db start-up procedure.
Interview Questions for oracle(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Ora [message #4887 is a reply to message #399] Sat, 18 January 2003 12:37 Go to previous messageGo to next message
anamika
Messages: 3
Registered: January 2003
Junior Member
I am preparing for an interview please send me questions related with oacle
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #5059 is a reply to message #399] Wed, 29 January 2003 01:07 Go to previous messageGo to next message
UPENDRA
Messages: 2
Registered: February 2002
Junior Member
Hi,
I am looking for questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) that employers & recruiters ask during the screening & interviewing process for a Oracle Developer position. I am preparing for my interview and would like some assistance.
Thank you...
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #5229 is a reply to message #399] Wed, 05 February 2003 06:33 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Srinivas
Messages: 138
Registered: June 2000
Senior Member
Sir,
I am happy to see the Qs you had posted...Thanx for the Qs you had posted in the site.
I am preparing for the OCP Exam...
Kindly send me the type of Qs for me to Practise.

Thank You
Re: Thanks a lot Satish [message #5555 is a reply to message #399] Thu, 20 February 2003 11:56 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Srinath
Messages: 40
Registered: May 2002
Member
Could you please forward those questions and answers for me too...as I am also preparing for interviews

Thanks,
Srinath
Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #5556 is a reply to message #399] Thu, 20 February 2003 11:58 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Srinath
Messages: 40
Registered: May 2002
Member
Please send me some questions and answers...
Re: Thanks a lot Satish [message #6039 is a reply to message #399] Thu, 20 March 2003 00:28 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Ganesh
Messages: 31
Registered: November 2000
Member
Hi,

Can you send me those Interview related questions in Oracle.

Thanks in Advance,
Ganesh
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #6250 is a reply to message #5556] Sun, 06 April 2003 10:31 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Vikas Kakkar
Messages: 1
Registered: April 2003
Junior Member
Friend,

I am preparing for SQL,PL/SQL, SQL Plus,Oracle DBA( all responsibilities)
So Questions and their relevant answers, Technical Written Test is my requirement. I will ..
With Q & A and Written Test i will come to know the My knowlege and effort's direction .
So, this is my self eveluation & status, Weak topics and where i stand, topics needed more attention and what is required more to get more Confidence & Knowledge.

I think Every Software Engineer want to have depth-knowledge of the working area of his.

So, I have shared all with you. (excluding Family matters, Personal matter etc.)

I will be very thankful for giving me hand in building knowledge.

regards,

Vikas Kakkar,
M.Sc.( Comp. Sc. & Applications)
Ph. 09810978507.

(Currently Working in New Delhi(India) as a Soft. Engineer.)
Re: Thanks a lot Satish [message #6326 is a reply to message #399] Thu, 10 April 2003 17:03 Go to previous messageGo to next message
vishal N
Messages: 1
Registered: April 2003
Junior Member
Hi Satish
Can you send me those Interview related questions in Oracle.

Thanks in Advance,
vishal
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #6602 is a reply to message #399] Mon, 28 April 2003 06:25 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Bhavin Adhvaryu
Messages: 3
Registered: April 2003
Junior Member
Hi Satish,

It would be very gratefull to me if you can send me the interview questions on (Sql, pl/sql, sql+, developer 6i, and abt oracle sql & pl/sql tunning.) which includes Oracle 8i aswell.

Thanks.

Regards,
Bhavin Adhvaryu
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #6821 is a reply to message #6250] Wed, 07 May 2003 04:23 Go to previous messageGo to next message
boben
Messages: 1
Registered: May 2003
Junior Member
Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle)
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #6822 is a reply to message #6250] Wed, 07 May 2003 04:24 Go to previous messageGo to next message
jismon
Messages: 1
Registered: May 2003
Junior Member
Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle)
Please Send me the Interview questions for ORACLE D2K [message #7001 is a reply to message #6602] Wed, 14 May 2003 23:31 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Ashish Mehta
Messages: 5
Registered: September 2002
Junior Member
Hi Satish

I m preparing for interview in oracle d2k. I have 1 year of exp. but i know very little,

Please helop
me

regards
Ashish
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #7048 is a reply to message #1242] Sun, 18 May 2003 07:16 Go to previous messageGo to next message
SHIVA KUMAR
Messages: 2
Registered: May 2003
Junior Member
Please elaborate the types of joins with examples
Re: Please Send me the Interview questions for ORACLE D2K [message #7434 is a reply to message #7001] Thu, 12 June 2003 22:23 Go to previous messageGo to next message
hanuma
Messages: 5
Registered: June 2003
Junior Member
pls send all interview questions to this email
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #7485 is a reply to message #402] Tue, 17 June 2003 04:39 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Interview
Messages: 1
Registered: June 2003
Junior Member
Try it out again..
GENERAL INTERVIEW QUESTIONS

1.What are the various types of Exceptions ?
User defined and Predefined Exceptions.
2.Can we define exceptions twice in same block ?
No.
3.What is the difference between a procedure and a function ?
Functions return a single variable by value whereas procedures do not return any variable by value. Rather they return multiple variables by passing variables by reference through their OUT parameter.
4.Can you have two functions with the same name in a PL/SQL block ?
Yes.
5.Can you have two stored functions with the same name ?
Yes.
6.Can you call a stored function in the constraint of a table ?
No.
7.What are the various types of parameter modes in a procedure ?
IN, OUT AND INOUT.
8.What is Over Loading and what are its restrictions ?
OverLoading means an object performing different functions depending upon the no. of parameters or the data type of the parameters passed to it.
9.Can functions be overloaded ?
Yes.
10.Can 2 functions have same name & input parameters but differ only by return datatype
No.
11.What are the constructs of a procedure, function or a package ?
The constructs of a procedure, function or a package are :
variables and constants
cursors
exceptions
12.Why Create or Replace and not Drop and recreate procedures ?
So that Grants are not dropped.
13.Can you pass parameters in packages ? How ?
Yes. You can pass parameters to procedures or functions in a package.
14.What are the parts of a database trigger ?
The parts of a trigger are:
A triggering event or statement
A trigger restriction
A trigger action
15.What are the various types of database triggers ?
There are 12 types of triggers, they are combination of :
Insert, Delete and Update Triggers.
Before and After Triggers.
Row and Statement Triggers.
(3*2*2=12)
16.What is the advantage of a stored procedure over a database trigger ?
We have control over the firing of a stored procedure but we have no control over the firing of a trigger.
17.What is the maximum no. of statements that can be specified in a trigger statement ?
One.
18.Can views be specified in a trigger statement ?
No
19.What are the values of :new and :old in Insert/Delete/Update Triggers ?
INSERT : new = new value, old = NULL
DELETE : new = NULL, old = old value
UPDATE : new = new value, old = old value
20.What are cascading triggers? What is the maximum no of cascading triggers at a time?
When a statement in a trigger body causes another trigger to be fired, the triggers are said to be cascading. Max = 32.
21.What are mutating triggers ?
A trigger giving a SELECT on the table on which the trigger is written.
22.What are constraining triggers ?
A trigger giving an Insert/Updat e on a table having referential integrity constraint on the triggering table.
23.Describe Oracle database's physical and logical structure ?
Physical : Data files, Redo Log files, Control file.
Logical : Tables, Views, Tablespaces, etc.
24.Can you increase the size of a tablespace ? How ?
Yes, by adding datafiles to it.
25.Can you increase the size of datafiles ? How ?
No (for Oracle 7.0)
Yes (for Oracle 7.3 by using the Resize clause ----- Confirm !!).
26.What is the use of Control files ?
Contains pointers to locations of various data files, redo log files, etc.
27.What is the use of Data Dictionary ?
Used by Oracle to store information about various physical and logical Oracle structures e.g. Tables, Tablespaces, datafiles, etc
28.What are the advantages of clusters ?
Access time reduced for joins.

29.What are the disadvantages of clusters ?
The time for Insert increases.
30.Can Long/Long RAW be clustered ?
No.
31.Can null keys be entered in cluster index, normal index ?
Yes.
32.Can Check constraint be used for self referential integrity ? How ?
Yes. In the CHECK condition for a column of a table, we can reference some other column of the same table and thus enforce self referential integrity.
33.What are the min. extents allocated to a rollback extent ?
Two
34.What are the states of a rollback segment ? What is the difference between partly available and needs recovery ?
The various states of a rollback segment are :
ONLINE, OFFLINE, PARTLY AVAILABLE, NEEDS RECOVERY and INVALID.
35.What is the difference between unique key and primary key ?
Unique key can be null; Primary key cannot be null.
36.An insert statement followed by a create table statement followed by rollback ? Will the rows be inserted ?
No.
37.Can you define multiple savepoints ?
Yes.
38.Can you Rollback to any savepoint ?
Yes.
40.What is the maximum no. of columns a table can have ?
254.
41.What is the significance of the & and && operators in PL SQL ?
The & operator means that the PL SQL block requires user input for a variable. The && operator means that the value of this variable should be the same as inputted by the user previously for this same variable.
If a transaction is very large, and the rollback segment is not able to hold the rollback information, then will the transaction span across different rollback segments or will it terminate ?
It will terminate (Please check ).
42.Can you pass a parameter to a cursor ?
Explicit cursors can take parameters, as the example below shows. A cursor parameter can appear in a query wherever a constant can appear.
CURSOR c1 (median IN NUMBER) IS
SELECT job, ename FROM emp WHERE sal > median;
43.What are the various types of RollBack Segments ?
Public Available to all instances
Private Available to specific instance
44.Can you use %RowCount as a parameter to a cursor ?
Yes
45.Is the query below allowed :
Select sal, ename Into x From emp Where ename = 'KING'
(Where x is a record of Number(4) and Char(15))
Yes
46.Is the assignment given below allowed :
ABC = PQR (Where ABC and PQR are records)
Yes
47.Is this for loop allowed :
For x in &Start..&End Loop
Yes
48.How many rows will the following SQL return :
Select * from emp Where rownum < 10;
9 rows
49.How many rows will the following SQL return :
Select * from emp Where rownum = 10;
No rows
50.Which symbol preceeds the path to the table in the remote database ?
@
51.Are views automatically updated when base tables are updated ?
Yes
52.Can a trigger written for a view ?
No
53.If all the values from a cursor have been fetched and another fetch is issued, the output will be : error, last record or first record ?
Last Record
54.A table has the following data : [[5, Null, 10]]. What will the average function return ?
7.5
55.Is Sysdate a system variable or a system function?
System Function
56.Consider a sequence whose currval is 1 and gets incremented by 1 by using the nextval reference we get the next number 2. Suppose at this point we issue an rollback and again issue a nextval. What will the output be ?
3
56.Definition of relational DataBase by Dr. Codd (IBM)?
A Relational Database is a database where all data visible to the user is organized strictly as tables of data values and where all database operations work on these tables.
57.What is Multi Threaded Server (MTA) ?
In a Single Threaded Architecture (or a dedicated server configuration) the database manager creates a separate process for each database user. But in MTA the database manager can assign multiple users (multiple user processes) to a single dispatcher (server process), a controlling process that queues request for work thus reducing the databases memory requirement and resources.
58.Which are initial RDBMS, Hierarchical & N/w database ?
RDBMS - R system
Hierarchical - IMS
N/W - DBTG
59.Difference between Oracle 6 and Oracle 7
ORACLE 7 ORACLE 6
Cost based optimizer · Rule based optimizer
Shared SQL Area · SQL area allocated for each user
Multi Threaded Server · Single Threaded Server
Hash Clusters · Only B-Tree indexing
Roll back Size Adjustment · No provision
Truncate command · No provision
Database Integrity
Constraints · Provision at Application Level
Stored procedures, functions
packages & triggers · No provision
Resource profile limit. It
prevents user from running
away with system resources · No provision
Distributed Database · Distributed Query
Table replication & snapshots· No provision
Client/Server Tech. · No provision
60.What is Functional Dependency
Given a relation R, attribute Y of R is functionally dependent on attribute X of R if and only if each X-value has associated with it precisely one -Y value in R
61.What is Auditing ?
The database has the ability to audit all actions that take place within it.
a) Login attempts, b) Object Accesss, c) Database Action
Result of Greatest(1,NULL) or Least(1,NULL)
NULL
62.While designing in client/server what are the 2 imp. things to be considered ?
Network Overhead (traffic), Speed and Load of client server
63.What are the disadvantages of SQL ?
Disadvantages of SQL are :
· Cannot drop a field
· Cannot rename a field
· Cannot manage memory
· Procedural Language option not provided
· Index on view or index on index not provided
· View updation problem

64.When to create indexes ?
To be created when table is queried for less than 2% or 4% to 25% of the table rows.
65.How can you avoid indexes ?
TO make index access path unavailable
· Use FULL hint to optimizer for full table scan
· Use INDEX or AND-EQUAL hint to optimizer to use one index or set to
indexes instead of another.
· Use an expression in the Where Clause of the SQL.
66.What is the result of the following SQL :
Select 1 from dual
UNION
Select 'A' from dual;
Error
67.Can database trigger written on synonym of a table and if it can be then what would be the effect if original table is accessed.
Yes, database trigger would fire.
68.Can you alter synonym of view or view ?
No
69.Can you create index on view
No.
70.What is the difference between a view and a synonym ?
Synonym is just a second name of table used for multiple link of database. View can be created with many tables, and with virtual columns and with conditions. But synonym can be on view.
71.What is the difference between alias and synonym ?
Alias is temporary and used with one query. Synonym is permanent and not used as alias.
72.What is the effect of synonym and table name used in same Select statement ?
Valid
73.What's the length of SQL integer ?
32 bit length
74.What is the difference between foreign key and reference key ?
Foreign key is the key i.e. attribute which refers to another table primary key.
Reference key is the primary key of table referred by another table.
75.Can dual table be deleted, dropped or altered or updated or inserted ?
Yes
76.If content of dual is updated to some value computation takes place or not ?
Yes
77.If any other table same as dual is created would it act similar to dual?
Yes
78.For which relational operators in where clause, index is not used ?
<> , like '% ...' is NOT functions, field +constant, field || ''
79.Assume that there are multiple databases running on one machine. How can you switch from one to another ?
Changing the ORACLE_SID
80.What are the advantages of Oracle ?
Portability : Oracle is ported to more platforms than any of its competitors, running on more than 100 hardware platforms and 20 networking protocols.
Market Presence : Oracle is by far the largest RDBMS vendor and spends more on R & D than most of its competitors earn in total revenue. This market clout means that you are unlikely to be left in the lurch by Oracle and there are always lots of third party interfaces available.
Backup and Recovery : Oracle provides industrial strength support for on-line backup and recovery and good software fault tolerence to disk failure. You can also do point-in-time recovery.
Performance : Speed of a 'tuned' Oracle Database and application is quite good, even with large databases. Oracle can manage > 100GB databases.
Multiple database support : Oracle has a superior ability to manage multiple databases within the same transaction using a two-phase commit protocol.
81.What is a forward declaration ? What is its use ?
PL/SQL requires that you declare an identifier before using it. Therefore, you must declare a subprogram before calling it. This declaration at the start of a subprogram is called forward declaration. A forward declaration consists of a subprogram specification terminated by a semicolon.
82.What are actual and formal parameters ?
Actual Parameters : Subprograms pass information using parameters. The variables or expressions referenced in the parameter list of a subprogram call are actual parameters. For example, the following procedure call lists two actual parameters named emp_num and amount:
Eg. raise_salary(emp_num, amount);

Formal Parameters : The variables declared in a subprogram specification and referenced in the subprogram body are formal parameters. For example, the following procedure declares two formal parameters named emp_id and increase:
Eg. PROCEDURE raise_salary (emp_id INTEGER, increase REAL) IS current_salary REAL;
83.What are the types of Notation ?
Position, Named, Mixed and Restrictions.
84.What all important parameters of the init.ora are supposed to be increased if you want to increase the SGA size ?
In our case, db_block_buffers was changed from 60 to 1000 (std values are 60, 550 & 3500) shared_pool_size was changed from 3.5MB to 9MB (std values are 3.5, 5 & 9MB) open_cursors was changed from 200 to 300 (std values are 200 & 300) db_block_size was changed from 2048 (2K) to 4096 (4K) {at the time of database creation}.
The initial SGA was around 4MB when the server RAM was 32MB and The new SGA was around 13MB when the server RAM was increased to 128MB.
85.If I have an execute privilege on a procedure in another users schema, can I execute his procedure even though I do not have privileges on the tables within the procedure ?
Yes
86.What are various types of joins ?
Equijoins, Non-equijoins, self join, outer join
87.What is a package cursor ?
A package cursor is a cursor which you declare in the package specification without an SQL statement. The SQL statement for the cursor is attached dynamically at runtime from calling procedures.
88.If you insert a row in a table, then create another table and then say Rollback. In this case will the row be inserted ?
Yes. Because Create table is a DDL which commits automatically as soon as it is executed. The DDL commits the transaction even if the create statement fails internally (eg table already exists error) and not syntactically.
89.What are the various types of queries ?
Normal Queries
Sub Queries
Co-related queries
Nested queries
Compound queries
90.What is a transaction ?
A transaction is a set of SQL statements between any two COMMIT and ROLLBACK statements.

91.What is implicit cursor and how is it used by Oracle ?
An implicit cursor is a cursor which is internally created by Oracle. It is created by Oracle for each individual SQL.
92.Which of the following is not a schema object : Indexes, tables, public synonyms, triggers and packages ?
Public synonyms
93.What is the difference between a view and a snapshot ?
94.What is PL/SQL?
PL/SQL is Oracle's Procedural Language extension to SQL. The language includes object oriented programming techniques such as encapsulation, function overloading, information hiding (all but inheritance), and so, brings state-of-the-art programming to the Oracle database server and a variety of Oracle tools.
95.Is there a PL/SQL Engine in SQL*Plus?
No. Unlike Oracle Forms, SQL*Plus does not have a PL/SQL engine. Thus, all your PL/SQL are send directly to the database engine for execution. This makes it much more efficient as SQL statements are not stripped off and send to the database individually.
96.Is there a limit on the size of a PL/SQL block?
Currently, the maximum parsed/compiled size of a PL/SQL block is 64K and the maximum code size is 100K. You can run the following select statement to query the size of an existing package or procedure.
SQL> select * from dba_object_size where name = 'procedure_name'
97.Can one read/write files from PL/SQL?
Included in Oracle 7.3 is a UTL_FILE package that can read and write files. The directory you intend writing to has to be in your INIT.ORA file (see UTL_FILE_DIR=... parameter). Before Oracle 7.3 the only means of writing a file was to use DBMS_OUTPUT with the SQL*Plus SPOOL command.
DECLARE
fileHandler UTL_FILE.FILE_TYPE;
BEGIN
fileHandler := UTL_FILE.FOPEN('/home/oracle/tmp', 'myoutput','W');
UTL_FILE.PUTF(fileHandler, 'Value of func1 is %sn', func1(1));
UTL_FILE.FCLOSE(fileHandler);
END;

98.How can I protect my PL/SQL source code?
PL/SQL V2.2, available with Oracle7.2, implements a binary wrapper for PL/SQL programs to protect the source code. This is done via a standalone utility that transforms the PL/SQL source code into portable binary object code (somewhat larger than the original). This way you can distribute software without having to worry about exposing your proprietary algorithms and methods. SQL*Plus and SQL*DBA will still understand and know how to execute such scripts. Just be careful, there is no "decode" command available.
The syntax is:
wrap iname=myscript.sql oname=xxxx.yyy
99.Can one use dynamic SQL within PL/SQL? OR Can you use a DDL in a procedure ? How ?
From PL/SQL V2.1 one can use the DBMS_SQL package to execute dynamic SQL statements.
Eg: CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE DYNSQL
AS
cur integer;
rc integer;
BEGIN
cur := DBMS_SQL.OPEN_CURSOR;
DBMS_SQL.PARSE(cur,'CREATE TABLE X (Y DATE)', DBMS_SQL.NATIVE);
rc := DBMS_SQL.EXECUTE(cur);
DBMS_SQL.CLOSE_CURSOR(cur);
END;
1. What is Referential Integrity rule?
Differentiate between
2. Delete & Truncate command.
3. Implicit Cursor & Explicit Cursor.
4. Ref. key & Foreign key.
5. Where & Having Clause.
6. What are various kinds of Integrity Constraints in Oracle?
7. What are various kind of joins?
8. What is Raise_Application_Error?
9. What are various kinds of exceptions in Oracle?
10. Normal Forms

Oracle Notes :

Oracle 8i -
It is a DB of internet computing , It changes the of information managed and accessed to meet the demandof internet age.
-- Significant new feature for OLTP(Online trans Processing) and data ware housing Appl.
-- To mange all types of datain web site.
-- iFS Internet file Syatem
-- interMedia to manage and access multimedia data,audio,video
-- Support to java(to install JVM on server)
-- Security enhancement(authentication and authorization,centralizing user management)

Oracle 8(ORDBMS) -
-Parrallel enhancement ,faster connection
-Table partitioning , Connection inc to 30000 ,Table column upto 1000
-DB size inc from few tera byte to 10 tera. , Data file inc 65,533
-Support MTS,provides LOB

Oracle Start -
1. Oracle instance start -Allocates SGA and start BAckground processes.
2. Mount Oracle DB-Method of Associating DB with previous started instance
3.Opening DB-To make available.

Normalization -
It's a technique thr. which we can design the DB.
During normalization dependancies can be identified which can cause pbs during deletion & updation .It is used in simplifing the structure of table.
1NF-Unnorma;ised data transfer to normalised form.
2NF-Functional dependancies can be find out & decompose the table without loss of data.
3NF-Transist dependancies ,Every non key attrbute is functionally dependant on just PK.
4NF(BCNF)-The relation which has multiple candidate keys ,then we have to go for BCNF.
Denormalization-
At the same time when information is required from more than one table at faster rate then it is wiser to add some sort of dependancies.

Rooling Forward -To reapply to Data file to all changes that are recorded in Redo log file due to which datafile contains commited & uncommited dat.
Forward Declaration-To declare variable and procedures before using it.
2- Tier Arch. Disadv-When Business Rule changes.
PL/SQL Record-To represent more than one row at time.
PL/SQL Table -To define single variable comprises several data element.
To delete define one more empty table and assign it.
Tablespace -
Profile-To control system resources ,memory ,diskspace and CPU time.
We can find rows effected by %rowcount.
Data Binding-Dividing the cursor in appl as per select stamt.
Trancate -Faster than delete ,doesn't fire ny DB trigger ,Allocate space ,No roolback.
Defered Integrity constraints-When we refere PK in the same table where we defined .
Cascading trigger-
Temporary Table-Delete operation table.
Log Table-to store information abt error.
Coordinity-
Err Trap -To trap error use SQLERRM,SQLCODE
Modularity-PL/SQL allows to create program module to improve software reliability and to hide complexity
Positional and Named Notation -
The actual arguments are associaed with formal arguments by position k/s Positional Notation.It's commonly used.
A Trigger doesn't accept argument & have same name as table or procedure as it exist in seperate namespace.
How we ref FK in Sql -Join Condition.
Security/Lock-
Shared/exclusive -When 2 transaction wants to read/write from db at the same time.
Dead- 1trans updates emp and dep
2 trans update dep and emp
TO add a not null column to a table which has already some records -
Alter table a
Add(b number default 1 not null)
Sequence- Start with,increment by,Cache/No cache,Order/No order,Max,Min
ER Dia.- Entity Relation Dia.
Set Transaction -To set a current transaction online offline
Oracle err-
ORA-06500 stiorage err
ORA-00923 from keyword not found
ORA-06501program err
ORA-00904 Invalid Col
ORA-00001Uk violated.
Dynamic Sql -Which uses late binding
File I/O-To read and write dat to and from text file thr. Oracle procedure.
Joins-Equi,Non EQui,Self,inner joins,outer joins
Index-16 col per table.
Parsing-Syntax checking.
Optimization-Use of index (HINT)
Corelated Subquery -Which fires only once/ per row for entire stmt.
Simple Query--Which fires everytime for entire stmt
Packages- Encapsulation,Overloading,improve performance as I/O reduces.
PL/SQL Signature Method- To determine when remote dependant object get invalid.
Object Previledge - On a particular object- I/U/D/Exec
System Previledge -Entire collection object -C/A/D
SGA Comprises -Data Buffer, Redo Log Buffer,Shared pool Buffer.
Shared Pool - Req to process unique SQL stmt submitted to DB.
It contains information such as parse tree and execusion plan .
PGA -A memry buffer that contains data and control information for a server process.
Dedicated server - Handles request. for single user.
Multithresd Server-Handles request. for multiple user.
Background process -DBWR,LGWR,PMON,SMON,CKPT
DBWR-Writes modified data blocks from DB buffer to data file.
LGWR-
CKPT-Responsible to check DBWR and update control file to indicate most recent CKPT.
SMON-Instance recovery at start up,Clean Temporary. Segment.
PMON-Responsible for process recovery and user process fails,Cleaning up cache ,freeing resources which was using process.
Segment-Data/Index/Rollback/Temp
Data Dictionary -V$SESSION, information abt integrity constraints,space allocated for schema object.
USER_TAB_COLUMNS gives you a list of tables as per Column.
EOD Procedure-

Mutating/Constraining Err/Table
Diff of where and group by
Connect,Allocate.Analyse Command.
Queries--
1. 3rd Max
select distinct sal
from emp a
where 3=(select count(distinct sal)
from emp b
where a.sal=2. Delete Duplicate rows
Delete Emp
where rowid not in(select max(rowid)
from emp
group by emp_no)
3. First 5 Max No
select sal
from (select abs(-sal) sal
from emp
group by -sal)
where rownum<6
Views--
-No Aggr function,group by,having
-U/D without PK but not Insert.
-Join -No DML
-No join-DML
Index -are used for row selection in where and order by only if indexing on column

You can launch the DBA Studio or the individual tools directly from the Windows NT Start menu. Or, you can use the following syntax to launch them from a command line prompt:

oemapp tool_name

where tool_name may be dbastudio, instance, security, storage, schema, or worksheet, if installed.

DBMS_ALERT is a Transaction Processing Package while DBMS_PIPE is an Application Development package

Developed By Satish Shrikhande

DBA—

If to_date(sysdate,'DAY')='Tuesday' then ..
Buffer Cache-To improve data block recently used by user in order to improve the performance.
Ordinality-Emp, Expences-Emp may expense sheet and Expense sheet has only one Emp. This fact k/s Referred Ordinality.
Three Steps in creating DB.--
-Creating physical location for data in tables and indexes to be stored in DB.
-To create the file that still store log entries.
-To create logical structure of data dictionary.
This is accomplished by create DB
1. Back up existing DB.
2.Create or Edit the init.ora file
3.Varify the instance name
4. Start Application management DB tool.
5.start instance
6.Create and Backup the new DB.
Control file -250K
Oracle Administration Assistant for W-NT is a DB management tool that enables to create DB administartor, operator, Users and role. To manage Oracle DB services, DB start up, shut down, Edit registry parameter setting, views oracle process information.
Database Configuration Assistant -To create DB
Oracle environment-
OLTP-Many users can read and update, hight response time.
DSS-Read only.
Hybrid-both OLTP & DSS App. are running with this App.
Init.ora-is a parameter file like DB_NAME, CONTROL_FILE, DB_BLOCK _SIZE
RowID-BlockIDRowIdDatafileId
Cluster Segment-To support use of cluster on the DB.
Hash Cluster-By placing data in close proximity k/s Hashing.
Optimization-
Decides line of execution of query.
First apply condition and then make Cartesian product. The cost can reduce by reducing no of rows.
Oracle ways for optimization-
-Evaluation of expression and condition amt>500/100--amt>5
Like convert to equal
IN - OR condition
Any -OR
Between/ALL -AND
NOT-Avoid
Transitivity-where a.id=b.id and a.id=1 use a.id=1 and b.id =1
Merging views
Index column be in order by clause.

Bitmap Index- If the column has very few distinct entries
We have to specify in init.ora Rate, Cost Choose mode based Approach
-Avoid full table scan.
-Access by Rowid
-No function on Index column as it prevents the optimization.
-Avoid IN, NOT and LIKE operator.
-Column in where clause should be indexed.
DATABASE-
Profile -To control system resources like memory, diskspace, and CPU time.
Role -Collection of privileges.
Type of segment- Rollback, Temp, Data, Index
Snapshot-It's a read only table, to improve efficiency of query, which referred remote db, therefore reduce remote traffic.
DB trigger-is a PL/SQL block that are associated with given table.
Diff bet Trigger and Procedure-
-Trigger need not required to be call (Implicitly fire on event)
-No TCL used
-Proc/fun can be used in trigger
-No use of Long raw,LOB,LONG
-Procedure is prefered over trigger as proc stored in compile form as trigg p_code stores.
TO check time nbetwen 8 am and 6 pm.
Create or replace trigger ptpt
before insert on batch
for each row
declare
A varchar2 (20);
begin
Select substr (to_char (sysdate,'HH: MI: SSSS’) 1,2) into a from dual;

If (a between '08' and ‘18’) then
Raise_application_error (-20001,'Invalid Time');
End if;
End;
Snapshot too old-We have to refresh the snapshot
Alter snapshot as
Select * from batch@dmaster.link
Refresh after seven days.
We can reduce network traffic-
-By using snapshot
-By storing related table in same tablespace
-By avoiding Row chain.
Oracle DB uses three types of file structure.
Data files-store actual data for tablespace, which is a logical unit of storage. Every tablespace has one or more data file to store actual data for tables, indexes, and clusters. Data is read and write to data file as needed.
Redo log file-Two or more redo log file make up a logical redo log, which is used to recover modifications that have not been written to data files in event of power outage.
Control file-Used at start up to identify the DB and determine which redo log file and data file are created.
1 data file, 1 control file, 2 redo log file.
SET TRANSACTION-We use set transaction statement to login a read only or read-write or to assign the current transaction to specified rollback segment.
Where date=sysdate-daily sale
>sysdate-7 weekly sale
>sysdate-30 monthly sale.
A function must contain atleast one return value else PL/SQL raises predefined exception program_error.
Actual parameter- when call
Formal parameter
Parametric Cursor - The cursor in which we can pass value when it is being opened
Sql Stmt Execu-
-Reserves an area in memory called Private Sql Area.
-Populate this area with app. data.
-Process data in memory area.
-Free the, memory area when exec is complete.
Active set- A set of rows return by a mult-row query.
Export-Putting data of tables in file, which can be, handles by OS.
Auditing-
is used for noting down user's activity and statistics abt the operations in data objects. The auditing are
1-Stmt
2-Preveledge
3-Object
1-It is done to audit stmt activity .The auditing information abt. date & time of information, nature of operation is stored in table AUD$ which is used by user sys.
Audit select on itemmaster;
Then app. auditing is done and stored in table .
-To record the usage of privilege
-To record the activity on object.
Nature of Auditing-
Auditing is done on
-Per session basis-one record is generated.
Per statement basis per session/stmt
Audit any allows user to audit any schema object in the DB.
Table partitioning-
Table partitioning divides table data between two or more tablespaces and physical data file on separate disk.
We can use it to improve transaction throughout and certain type of queries for large tables.
Restriction-
-A table that is a part of cluster can't be partioned.
-A table can be partitioned based on ranges column values only.
-Attribute of partitioned table can't include long, long raw or any lob data type.
-Bitmap indexes can't be defined on partioned tables.
We add partition using ALTER TABLE OR
Create table aa (
a date,
B number
C varchar2 (10))
partion by range(a,b)
(partition pa1 values less than ('01-jan-99', 2) tablespace tsp1,
-----------------------------------);
Accessing partition table-
Select * from aa partion(pa1);
Drop partion
-Alter table AA
drop partion pa1;

SQL Language Extension-
Oracle * provide new built-in datatype, object datatypes, nested tables, and a no of other features that require new DDL extension.
VARRAY
REF
LOBS
Create table AA(a N (10)
B date,
C varchar2 (10));

Create type aa1 as varray (5) of number (5);

The UTLBSTAT and UTLESTAT script to get general overview of database 's performance over a certain period of time.
UTLBSTAT creates table and views containing cumulative database performance summary information at the time when the script runs .All the objects create by UTLBSTAT contain word login.
Utlbstat.sql

UTLESTAT creates table and views containing cumulative database performance summary information at the time when the script runs .All the objects create by UTLESTAT contain word end.
UTLESTAT spools the results of these SQL statements to a file called REPORT.TXT
Utlestat.sql

Determine the shared Pool Performance.

The shared pool is one of the memory structures in SGA .It is comprised of the data dictionary and the library cache. Check v$sgastat
The data dictionary cache buffers data dictionary objects that contain data about tables, indexes, users and all other objects.
The Library Cache/SQL Cache buffers previously executed queries, so that they need not be reloaded and reparsed if user calls them again.

Otherwise if the information is not in the buffer then oracle must get it from disk.

The V$LIBRAY CACHE View stores performance data for library cache and V$ROWCACHE view stores performance data for the data dictionary cache.

Sometime we may have to increase the value of initialization parameter SHARED_POOL_SIZE.
To improve the performance .

Redo Log --

Oracle 8 stores all changes to the database, even uncommitted changes, in the redo log files.
LGWR writes .

Alter database archievelog

Edit the parameter initialization file.
Log_archieve_start =true -turn it on
Log_archieve_dest=c:/oracle/ora81/archieve -location
log_archieve_format="ARCH%S.LOG" - name format for archieve file .
%S for log sequence number .

By querying the V$SESSION view , we can determine who is logged on ,as well as information such as the time of logon .

Kill a session - ALTER system kill session '&sid,&serial'
Select Sid,serial#,status from V$session where username='name';

Unbalanced Index –
if we do have lot on index on a table and we are doing I/U/D frequently then there is a problem of disk contention . To check this problem sees the BLEVEL value in DBA_INDEXES and if it is 1,2,3,4 then it’s ok else rebuild the index .

Alter index satish.a_satish rebuild unrecoverable ;

Comments on table and columns

--For documentation purpose .
Comment table a is ‘table a’ ; Retrieve comment from user_tab_comment
Comment column a. a is ‘column a’; user_col_comments

Detect the objects close to maximum extent
Check in dba_seqment
Detect row chaining and row migration in tables
Row migration occurs when a database block doesn’t contain enough free space to accommodate an update statement .In that case server moves the row to another block and maintains a pointer to to new block in the row’s original block .when pctfree is 0
Row chaining in contrast , occurs when no single db block is larger enough to accommodate a particular row . this is common when table contain several large data types. It will reside in multiple database blocks .
An unpleasant side effect of both chaining and migration is that the oracle * server must read more than one db block to read a single row . solution – move rows to a temp table and then delete rows from original table and then insert it from temp table .

Execute utlchain.sql

Get information from CHAINED_ROWS or V$SYSSTAT
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #7559 is a reply to message #5059] Sat, 21 June 2003 01:30 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Ketan Pathak
Messages: 1
Registered: June 2003
Junior Member
Hi UPENDRA,
It would be very gratefull to me if you can send me the interview questions on (Sql, pl/sql, sql+, oracle sql & pl/sql tunning.) which includes Oracle 8i aswell.

Thanks.

Regards,
Ketan
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #7636 is a reply to message #5229] Thu, 26 June 2003 01:14 Go to previous messageGo to next message
SANDY
Messages: 60
Registered: April 1998
Member
Can u please send me interview questions i will be
grateful....

thnax
Re: Interview Questions(SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Plus, Developer, Database, anything dealing with Oracle) [message #7973 is a reply to message #1242] Sat, 19 July 2003 00:18 Go to previous messageGo to previous message
pooja
Messages: 31
Registered: September 1999
Member
I am preparing for DBA ,pL/SQL paper ...can anyone pls refer me some sites for free questions..???
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